Graph-based Prior and Forward Models for Inverse Problems on Manifolds with Boundaries

06/12/2021 ∙ by John Harlim, et al. ∙ 0

This paper develops manifold learning techniques for the numerical solution of PDE-constrained Bayesian inverse problems on manifolds with boundaries. We introduce graphical Matérn-type Gaussian field priors that enable flexible modeling near the boundaries, representing boundary values by superposition of harmonic functions with appropriate Dirichlet boundary conditions. We also investigate the graph-based approximation of forward models from PDE parameters to observed quantities. In the construction of graph-based prior and forward models, we leverage the ghost point diffusion map algorithm to approximate second-order elliptic operators with classical boundary conditions. Numerical results validate our graph-based approach and demonstrate the need to design prior covariance models that account for boundary conditions.

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