Graph Attention Networks for Anti-Spoofing

04/08/2021 ∙ by Hemlata Tak, et al. ∙ 0

The cues needed to detect spoofing attacks against automatic speaker verification are often located in specific spectral sub-bands or temporal segments. Previous works show the potential to learn these using either spectral or temporal self-attention mechanisms but not the relationships between neighbouring sub-bands or segments. This paper reports our use of graph attention networks (GATs) to model these relationships and to improve spoofing detection performance. GATs leverage a self-attention mechanism over graph structured data to model the data manifold and the relationships between nodes. Our graph is constructed from representations produced by a ResNet. Nodes in the graph represent information either in specific sub-bands or temporal segments. Experiments performed on the ASVspoof 2019 logical access database show that our GAT-based model with temporal attention outperforms all of our baseline single systems. Furthermore, GAT-based systems are complementary to a set of existing systems. The fusion of GAT-based models with more conventional countermeasures delivers a 47 the best performing single GAT system.

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