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GPHQP: Hierarchical Quadratic Programming for Controlling a Gaussian Process Regression Model of Redundant Robot

by   Francesco Cursi, et al.
Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Accurate kinematic models are essential for effective control of surgical robots. For tendon driven robots, which is common for minimally invasive surgery, intrinsic nonlinearities are important to consider. Traditional analytical methods allow to build the kinematic model of the system by making certain assumptions and simplifications on the nonlinearities. Machine learning techniques, instead, allow to recover a more complex model based on the acquired data. However, analytical models are more generalisable, but can be over-simplified; data-driven models, on the other hand, can cater for more complex models, but are less generalisable and the result is highly affected by the training dataset. In this paper, we present a novel approach to combining analytical and data-driven approaches to model the kinematics of nonlinear tendon-driven surgical robots. Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) is used for learning the data-driven model and the proposed method is tested on both simulated data and real experimental data.


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