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Geodetic convexity and Kneser graphs

03/07/2022
by   Marcos Bedo, et al.
Universidade Federal Fluminense
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The Kneser graph K(2n+k,n), for positive integers n and k, is the graph G=(V,E) such that V={S⊆{1,…,2n+k} : |S|=n} and there is an edge uv∈ E whenever u∩ v=∅. Kneser graphs have a nice combinatorial structure, and many parameters have been determined for them, such as the diameter, the chromatic number, the independence number, and, recently, the hull number (in the context of P_3-convexity). However, the determination of geodetic convexity parameters in Kneser graphs still remained open. In this work, we investigate both the geodetic number and the geodetic hull number of Kneser graphs. We give upper bounds and determine the exact value of these parameters for Kneser graphs of diameter two (which form a nontrivial subfamily). We prove that the geodetic hull number of a Kneser graph of diameter two is two, except for K(5,2), K(6,2), and K(8,2), which have geodetic hull number three. We also contribute to the knowledge on Kneser graphs by presenting a characterization of endpoints of diametral paths in K(2n+k,n), used as a tool for obtaining some of the main results in this work.

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