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Generative x-vectors for text-independent speaker verification

by   Longting Xu, et al.
National University of Singapore

Speaker verification (SV) systems using deep neural network embeddings, so-called the x-vector systems, are becoming popular due to its good performance superior to the i-vector systems. The fusion of these systems provides improved performance benefiting both from the discriminatively trained x-vectors and generative i-vectors capturing distinct speaker characteristics. In this paper, we propose a novel method to include the complementary information of i-vector and x-vector, that is called generative x-vector. The generative x-vector utilizes a transformation model learned from the i-vector and x-vector representations of the background data. Canonical correlation analysis is applied to derive this transformation model, which is later used to transform the standard x-vectors of the enrollment and test segments to the corresponding generative x-vectors. The SV experiments performed on the NIST SRE 2010 dataset demonstrate that the system using generative x-vectors provides considerably better performance than the baseline i-vector and x-vector systems. Furthermore, the generative x-vectors outperform the fusion of i-vector and x-vector systems for long-duration utterances, while yielding comparable results for short-duration utterances.


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