Generalized Learning with Rejection for Classification and Regression Problems

11/03/2019 ∙ by Amina Asif, et al. ∙ 43

Learning with rejection (LWR) allows development of machine learning systems with the ability to discard low confidence decisions generated by a prediction model. That is, just like human experts, LWR allows machine models to abstain from generating a prediction when reliability of the prediction is expected to be low. Several frameworks for this learning with rejection have been proposed in the literature. However, most of them work for classification problems only and regression with rejection has not been studied in much detail. In this work, we present a neural framework for LWR based on a generalized meta-loss function that involves simultaneous training of two neural network models: a predictor model for generating predictions and a rejecter model for deciding whether the prediction should be accepted or rejected. The proposed framework can be used for classification as well as regression and other related machine learning tasks. We have demonstrated the applicability and effectiveness of the method on synthetically generated data as well as benchmark datasets from UCI machine learning repository for both classification and regression problems. Despite being simpler in implementation, the proposed scheme for learning with rejection has shown to perform at par or better than previously proposed methods. Furthermore, we have applied the method to the problem of hurricane intensity prediction from satellite imagery. Significant improvement in performance as compared to conventional supervised methods shows the effectiveness of the proposed scheme in real-world regression problems.

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