Functional programming with lambda-tree syntax

08/09/2019 ∙ by Ulysse Gérard, et al. ∙ 0

We present the design of a new functional programming language, MLTS, that uses the lambda-tree syntax approach to encoding bindings appearing within data structures. In this approach, bindings never become free nor escape their scope: instead, binders in data structures are permitted to move to binders within programs. The design of MLTS includes additional sites within programs that directly support this movement of bindings. In order to formally define the language's operational semantics, we present an abstract syntax for MLTS and a natural semantics for its evaluation. We shall view such natural semantics as a logical theory within a rich logic that includes both *nominal abstraction* and the *nabla-quantifier*: as a result, the natural semantics specification of MLTS can be given a succinct and elegant presentation. We present a typing discipline that naturally extends the typing of core ML programs and we illustrate the features of MLTS by presenting several examples. An on-line interpreter for MLTS is briefly described.

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