Fully Automated Organ Segmentation in Male Pelvic CT Images

05/31/2018 ∙ by Anjali Balagopal, et al. ∙ 2

Accurate segmentation of prostate and surrounding organs at risk is important for prostate cancer radiotherapy treatment planning. We present a fully automated workflow for male pelvic CT image segmentation using deep learning. The architecture consists of a 2D localization network followed by a 3D segmentation network for volumetric segmentation of prostate, bladder, rectum, and femoral heads. We used a multi-channel 2D U-Net followed by a 3D U-Net with encoding arm modified with aggregated residual networks, known as ResNeXt. The models were trained and tested on a pelvic CT image dataset comprising 136 patients. Test results show that 3D U-Net based segmentation achieves mean (SD) Dice coefficient values of 90 (2.0) (3.7) rectum, respectively, using the proposed fully automated segmentation method.



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