DeepAI AI Chat
Log In Sign Up

From Risk Prediction to Risk Factors Interpretation. Comparison of Neural Networks and Classical Statistics for Dementia Prediction

by   C. Huber, et al.
Université Paris Descartes

It is proposed to investigate the onset of a disease D, based on several risk factors., with a specific interest in Alzheimer occurrence. For that purpose, two classes of techniques are available, whose properties are quite different in terms of interpretation, which is the focus of this paper: classical statistics based on probabilistic models and artificial intelligence (mainly neural networks) based on optimization algorithms. Both methods are good at prediction, with a preference for neural networks when the dimension of the potential predictors is high. But the advantage of the classical statistics is cognitive : the role of each factor is generally summarized in the value of a coefficient which is highly positive for a harmful factor, close to 0 for an irrelevant one, and highly negative for a beneficial one.


page 1

page 2

page 3

page 4


Predicting Development of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and its Risk Factor Analysis

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an irreversible airway o...

Bayesian Integrative Analysis and Prediction with Application to Atherosclerosis Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including atherosclerosis CVD (ASCVD), ar...

Bagging in overparameterized learning: Risk characterization and risk monotonization

Bagging is a commonly used ensemble technique in statistics and machine ...

High Dimensional Estimation and Multi-Factor Models

The purpose of this paper is to re-investigate the estimation of multipl...

Optimization of computational budget for power system risk assessment

We address the problem of maintaining high voltage power transmission ne...

Detecting weak signals by combining small P-values in observational studies with multiple testing

Human health is affected by multiple risk factors. Studies may focus on ...

Evolving Artificial Neural Networks To Imitate Human Behaviour In Shinobi III : Return of the Ninja Master

Our society is increasingly fond of computational tools. This phenomenon...