From Generalization of Bacon-Shor Codes to High Performance Quantum LDPC Codes

07/12/2021
by   Jihao Fan, et al.
0

We utilize a concatenation scheme to construct new families of quantum error correction codes that include the Bacon-Shor codes. We show that our scheme can lead to asymptotically good quantum codes while Bacon-Shor codes cannot. Further, the concatenation scheme allows us to derive quantum LDPC codes of distance Ω(N^2/3/loglog N) which can improve Hastings's recent result [arXiv:2102.10030] by a polylogarithmic factor. Moreover, assisted by the Evra-Kaufman-Zémor distance balancing construction, our concatenation scheme can yield quantum LDPC codes with non-vanishing code rates and better minimum distance upper bound than the hypergraph product quantum LDPC codes. Finally, we derive a family of fast encodable and decodable quantum concatenated codes with parameters Q=[[N,Ω(√(N)),Ω( √(N))]] and they also belong to the Bacon-Shor codes. We show that Q can be encoded very efficiently by circuits of size O(N) and depth O(√(N)), and can correct any adversarial error of weight up to half the minimum distance bound in O(√(N)) time. To the best of our knowledge, they are the most powerful quantum codes for correcting so many adversarial errors in sublinear time by far.

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