FRDet: Balanced and Lightweight Object Detector based on Fire-Residual Modules for Embedded Processor of Autonomous Driving

by   Seontaek Oh, et al.

For deployment on an embedded processor for autonomous driving, the object detection network should satisfy all of the accuracy, real-time inference, and light model size requirements. Conventional deep CNN-based detectors aim for high accuracy, making their model size heavy for an embedded system with limited memory space. In contrast, lightweight object detectors are greatly compressed but at a significant sacrifice of accuracy. Therefore, we propose FRDet, a lightweight one-stage object detector that is balanced to satisfy all the constraints of accuracy, model size, and real-time processing on an embedded GPU processor for autonomous driving applications. Our network aims to maximize the compression of the model while achieving or surpassing YOLOv3 level of accuracy. This paper proposes the Fire-Residual (FR) module to design a lightweight network with low accuracy loss by adapting fire modules with residual skip connections. In addition, the Gaussian uncertainty modeling of the bounding box is applied to further enhance the localization accuracy. Experiments on the KITTI dataset showed that FRDet reduced the memory size by 50.8 the real-time detection speed reached 31.3 FPS on an embedded GPU board(NVIDIA Xavier). The proposed network achieved higher compression with comparable accuracy compared to other deep CNN object detectors while showing improved accuracy than the lightweight detector baselines. Therefore, the proposed FRDet is a well-balanced and efficient object detector for practical application in autonomous driving that can satisfies all the criteria of accuracy, real-time inference, and light model size.



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