FPS-Net: A Convolutional Fusion Network for Large-Scale LiDAR Point Cloud Segmentation

03/01/2021 ∙ by Aoran Xiao, et al. ∙ 0

Scene understanding based on LiDAR point cloud is an essential task for autonomous cars to drive safely, which often employs spherical projection to map 3D point cloud into multi-channel 2D images for semantic segmentation. Most existing methods simply stack different point attributes/modalities (e.g. coordinates, intensity, depth, etc.) as image channels to increase information capacity, but ignore distinct characteristics of point attributes in different image channels. We design FPS-Net, a convolutional fusion network that exploits the uniqueness and discrepancy among the projected image channels for optimal point cloud segmentation. FPS-Net adopts an encoder-decoder structure. Instead of simply stacking multiple channel images as a single input, we group them into different modalities to first learn modality-specific features separately and then map the learned features into a common high-dimensional feature space for pixel-level fusion and learning. Specifically, we design a residual dense block with multiple receptive fields as a building block in the encoder which preserves detailed information in each modality and learns hierarchical modality-specific and fused features effectively. In the FPS-Net decoder, we use a recurrent convolution block likewise to hierarchically decode fused features into output space for pixel-level classification. Extensive experiments conducted on two widely adopted point cloud datasets show that FPS-Net achieves superior semantic segmentation as compared with state-of-the-art projection-based methods. In addition, the proposed modality fusion idea is compatible with typical projection-based methods and can be incorporated into them with consistent performance improvements.

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