# Formalizing π_4(𝕊^3) ≅ℤ/2ℤ and Computing a Brunerie Number in Cubical Agda

Brunerie's 2016 PhD thesis contains the first synthetic proof in Homotopy Type Theory (HoTT) of the classical result that the fourth homotopy group of the 3-sphere is ℤ/2ℤ. The proof is one of the most impressive pieces of synthetic homotopy theory to date and uses a lot of advanced classical algebraic topology rephrased synthetically. Furthermore, Brunerie's proof is fully constructive and the main result can be reduced to the question of whether a particular “Brunerie” number β can be normalized to ± 2. The question of whether Brunerie's proof could be formalized in a proof assistant, either by computing this number or by formalizing the pen-and-paper proof, has since remained open. In this paper, we present a complete formalization in the Cubical Agda system, following Brunerie's pen-and-paper proof. We do this by modifying Brunerie's proof so that a key technical result, whose proof Brunerie only sketched in his thesis, can be avoided. We also present a formalization of a new and much simpler proof that β is ± 2. This formalization provides us with a sequence of simpler Brunerie numbers, one of which normalizes very quickly to -2 in Cubical Agda, resulting in a fully formalized computer assisted proof that π_4(𝕊^3) ≅ℤ/2ℤ.

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