Formal Verification of End-to-End Learning in Cyber-Physical Systems: Progress and Challenges

06/15/2020 ∙ by Nathan Fulton, et al. ∙ 0

Autonomous systems – such as self-driving cars, autonomous drones, and automated trains – must come with strong safety guarantees. Over the past decade, techniques based on formal methods have enjoyed some success in providing strong correctness guarantees for large software systems including operating system kernels, cryptographic protocols, and control software for drones. These successes suggest it might be possible to ensure the safety of autonomous systems by constructing formal, computer-checked correctness proofs. This paper identifies three assumptions underlying existing formal verification techniques, explains how each of these assumptions limits the applicability of verification in autonomous systems, and summarizes preliminary work toward improving the strength of evidence provided by formal verification.

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