Forecasting Quarterly Brazilian GDP: Univariate Models Approach

10/26/2020
by   Kleyton Vieira Sales da Costa, et al.
0

Gross domestic product (GDP) is an important economic indicator that aggregates useful information to assist economic agents and policymakers in their decision-making process. In this context, GDP forecasting becomes a powerful decision optimization tool in several areas. In order to contribute in this direction, we investigated the efficiency of classical time series models and the class of state-space models, applied to Brazilian gross domestic product. The models used were: a Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (SARIMA) and a Holt-Winters method, which are classical time series models; and the dynamic linear model, a state-space model. Based on statistical metrics of model comparison, the dynamic linear model presented the best forecasting model and fit performance for the analyzed period, also incorporating the growth rate structure significantly.

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