FMore: An Incentive Scheme of Multi-dimensional Auction for Federated Learning in MEC

by   Rongfei Zeng, et al.

Promising federated learning coupled with Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) is considered as one of the most promising solutions to the AI-driven service provision. Plenty of studies focus on federated learning from the performance and security aspects, but they neglect the incentive mechanism. In MEC, edge nodes would not like to voluntarily participate in learning, and they differ in the provision of multi-dimensional resources, both of which might deteriorate the performance of federated learning. Also, lightweight schemes appeal to edge nodes in MEC. These features require the incentive mechanism to be well designed for MEC. In this paper, we present an incentive mechanism FMore with multi-dimensional procurement auction of K winners. Our proposal FMore not only is lightweight and incentive compatible, but also encourages more high-quality edge nodes with low cost to participate in learning and eventually improve the performance of federated learning. We also present theoretical results of Nash equilibrium strategy to edge nodes and employ the expected utility theory to provide guidance to the aggregator. Both extensive simulations and real-world experiments demonstrate that the proposed scheme can effectively reduce the training rounds and drastically improve the model accuracy for challenging AI tasks.


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