Finding Collisions in Interactive Protocols – Tight Lower Bounds on the Round and Communication Complexities of Statistically Hiding Commitments

05/04/2021 ∙ by Iftach Haitner, et al. ∙ 0

We study the round and communication complexities of various cryptographic protocols. We give tight lower bounds on the round and communication complexities of any fully black-box reduction of a statistically hiding commitment scheme from one-way permutations, and from trapdoor permutations. As a corollary, we derive similar tight lower bounds for several other cryptographic protocols, such as single-server private information retrieval, interactive hashing, and oblivious transfer that guarantees statistical security for one of the parties. Our techniques extend the collision-finding oracle due to Simon (EUROCRYPT '98) to the setting of interactive protocols and the reconstruction paradigm of Gennaro and Trevisan (FOCS '00).

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