Few-shot Text Classification with Distributional Signatures

08/16/2019 ∙ by Yujia Bao, et al. ∙ 0

In this paper, we explore meta-learning for few-shot text classification. Meta-learning has shown strong performance in computer vision, where low-level patterns are transferable across learning tasks. However, directly applying this approach to text is challenging--words highly informative for one task may have little significance for another. Thus, rather than learning solely from words, our model also leverages their distributional signatures, which encode pertinent word occurrence patterns. Our model is trained within a meta-learning framework to map these signatures into attention scores, which are then used to weight the lexical representations of words. We demonstrate that our model consistently outperforms prototypical networks in both few-shot text classification and relation classification by a significant margin across six benchmark datasets (19.96 available at https://github.com/YujiaBao/Distributional-Signatures.

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