FedCCEA : A Practical Approach of Client Contribution Evaluation for Federated Learning

by   Sung Kuk Shyn, et al.

Client contribution evaluation, also known as data valuation, is a crucial approach in federated learning(FL) for client selection and incentive allocation. However, due to restrictions of accessibility of raw data, only limited information such as local weights and local data size of each client is open for quantifying the client contribution. Using data size from available information, we introduce an empirical evaluation method called Federated Client Contribution Evaluation through Accuracy Approximation(FedCCEA). This method builds the Accuracy Approximation Model(AAM), which estimates a simulated test accuracy using inputs of sampled data size and extracts the clients' data quality and data size to measure client contribution. FedCCEA strengthens some advantages: (1) enablement of data size selection to the clients, (2) feasible evaluation time regardless of the number of clients, and (3) precise estimation in non-IID settings. We demonstrate the superiority of FedCCEA compared to previous methods through several experiments: client contribution distribution, client removal, and robustness test to partial participation.



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