Fast, Sound and Effectively Complete Dynamic Race Detection

01/25/2019
by   Andreas Pavlogiannis, et al.
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Writing concurrent programs is highly error-prone due to the nondeterminism in interprocess communication. The most reliable indicators of errors in concurrency are data races, which are accesses to a shared resource that can be executed consecutively. We study the algorithmic problem of predicting data races in lock-based concurrent programs. The input consists of a concurrent trace t, and the task is to determine all pairs of events of t that constitute a data race. The problem lies at the heart of concurrent verification and has been extensively studied for over three decades. However, existing polynomial-time sound techniques are highly incomplete and can miss many simple races. In this work we develop a new polynomial-time algorithm for the problem that has no false positives. In addition, our algorithm is complete for input traces that consist of two processes, i.e., it provably detects all races in the trace. We also develop sufficient conditions for detecting completeness dynamically in cases of more than two processes. We make an experimental evaluation of our algorithm on a standard set of benchmarks. Our tool soundly reports thousands of races, and misses at most one race in the whole benchmark set. In addition, its running times are comparable, and often smaller than the theoretically fastest, yet highly incomplete, existing methods. To our knowledge, this is the first sound algorithm that achieves such a level of performance on both running time and completeness of the reported races.

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