Fast Integral Histogram Computations on GPU for Real-Time Video Analytics

11/06/2017 ∙ by Mahdieh Poostchi, et al. ∙ 0

In many Multimedia content analytics frameworks feature likelihood maps represented as histograms play a critical role in the overall algorithm. Integral histograms provide an efficient computational framework for extracting multi-scale histogram-based regional descriptors in constant time which are considered as the principle building blocks of many video content analytics frameworks. We evaluate four different mappings of the integral histogram computation onto Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) using different kernel optimization strategies. Our kernels perform cumulative sums on row and column histograms in a cross-weave or wavefront scan order, use different data organization and scheduling methods that is shown to critically affect utilization of GPU resources (cores and shared memory). Tiling the 3-D array into smaller regular data blocks significantly speeds up the efficiency of the computation compared to a strip-based organization. The tiled integral histogram using a diagonal wavefront scan has the best performance of about 300.4 frames/sec for 640 x 480 images and 32 bins with a speedup factor of about 120 using GTX Titan X graphics card compared to a single threaded sequential CPU implementation. Double-buffering has been exploited to overlap computation and communication across sequence of images. Mapping integral histogram bins computations onto multiple GPUs enables us to process 32 giga bytes integral histogram data (of 64MB Image and 128 bins) with a frame rate of 0.73 Hz and speedup factor of 153X over single-threaded CPU implementation and the speedup of 45X over 16-threaded CPU implementation.

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