Fast estimation of a convolution type model for the intensity of spatial point processes

12/17/2020
by   Francisco Cuevas-Pacheco, et al.
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Estimating the first-order intensity function in point pattern analysis is an important problem, and it has been approached so far from different perspectives: parametrically, semiparametrically or nonparametrically. Our approach is close to a semiparametric one. Motivated by eye-movement data, we introduce a convolution type model where the log-intensity is modelled as the convolution of a function β(·), to be estimated, and a single spatial covariate (the image an individual is looking at for eye-movement data). Based on a Fourier series expansion, we show that the proposed model is related to the log-linear model with infinite number of coefficients, which correspond to the spectral decomposition of β(·). After truncation, we estimate these coefficients through a penalized Poisson likelihood and prove infill asymptotic results for a large class of spatial point processes. We illustrate the efficiency of the proposed methodology on simulated data and real data.

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