Fast A Posteriori State Error Estimation for Reliable Frequency Sweeping in Microwave Circuits via the Reduced-Basis Method

by   Valentin de la Rubia, et al.

We develop a compact, reliable model order reduction approach for fast frequency sweeps in microwave circuits by means of the reduced-basis method. Contrary to what has been previously done, special emphasis is placed on certifying the accuracy of the reduced-order model with respect to the original full-order model in an effective and efficient way. Previous works on model order reduction accuracy certification rely on costly a posteriori error estimators, which typically require expensive inf-sup constant evaluations of the underlying full-order model. This scenario is often too time-consuming and unaffordable in electromagnetic applications. As a result, less expensive and heuristic error estimators are commonly used instead. Very often, one is interested in knowing about the full state vector, instead of just some output quantities derived from the full state. Therefore, error estimators for the full state vector become relevant. In this work, we detail the frequency behavior of both the electric field and the state error when an approximation to the electric field solution is carried out. Both field quantities share the same frequency behavior. Based on this observation, we focus on the efficient estimation of the electric field state error and propose a fast evaluation of the reduced-order model state error in the frequency band of analysis, minimizing the number of full-order model evaluations. This methodology is of paramount importance to carry out a reliable fast frequency sweep in microwave circuits. Finally, real-life applications will illustrate the capabilities and efficiency of the proposed approach.


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