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Fair Allocation Based Soft Load Shedding

by   Sarwan Ali, et al.

Renewable sources are taking center stage in electricity generation. Due to the intermittent nature of these renewable resources, the problem of the demand-supply gap arises. To solve this problem, several techniques have been proposed in the literature in terms of cost (adding peaker plants), availability of data (Demand Side Management "DSM"), hardware infrastructure (appliance controlling DSM) and safety (voltage reduction). However, these solutions are not fair in terms of electricity distribution. In many cases, although the available supply may not match the demand in peak hours, however, the total aggregated demand remains less than the total supply for the whole day. Load shedding (complete blackout) is a commonly used solution to deal with the demand-supply gap, which can cause substantial economic losses. To solve the demand-supply gap problem, we propose a solution called Soft Load Shedding (SLS), which assigns electricity quota to each household in a fair way. We measure the fairness of SLS by defining a function for household satisfaction level. We model the household utilities by parametric function and formulate the problem of SLS as a social welfare problem. We also consider revenue generated from the fair allocation as a performance measure. To evaluate our approach, extensive experiments have been performed on both synthetic and real-world datasets, and our model is compared with several baselines to show its effectiveness in terms of fair allocation and revenue generation.


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