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Extracting Vehicle Sensor Signals from CAN Logs for Driver Re-identification

by   Szilvia Lestyan, et al.
CrySyS Lab
Budapest University of Technology and Economics

Data is the new oil for the car industry. Cars generate data about how they are used and who is behind the wheel which gives rise to a novel way of profiling individuals. Several prior works have successfully demonstrated the feasibility of driver re-identification using the in-vehicle network data captured on the vehicles CAN (Controller Area Network) bus. However, all of them used signals (e.g., velocity, brake pedal or accelerator position) that have already been extracted from the CAN log which is itself not a straightforward process. Indeed, car manufacturers intentionally do not reveal the exact signal location within CAN logs. Nevertheless, we show that signals can be efficiently extracted from CAN logs using machine learning techniques. We exploit that signals have several distinguishing statistical features which can be learnt and effectively used to identify them across different vehicles, that is, to quasi reverse-engineer the CAN protocol. We also demonstrate that the extracted signals can be successfully used to re-identify individuals in a dataset of 33 drivers. Therefore, not revealing signal locations in CAN logs per se does not prevent them to be regarded as personal data of drivers.


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