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Extent of occurrence reconstruction using a new data-driven support estimator

by   A. Rodríguez-Casal, et al.

Given a random sample of points from some unknown distribution, we propose a new data-driven method for estimating its probability support S. Under the mild assumption that S is r-convex, the smallest r-convex set which contains the sample points is the natural estimator. The main problem for using this estimator in practice is that r is an unknown geometric characteristic of the set S. A stochastic algorithm is proposed for determining an optimal estimate of r from the data under mild regularity assumptions on the density function. The resulting data-driven reconstruction of S attains the same convergence rates as the convex hull for estimating convex sets, but under a much more flexible smoothness shape condition. The new support estimator will be used for reconstructing the extent of occurrence of an assemblage of invasive plant species in the Azores archipelago.


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