Extended Symmetry Preserving Attention Networks for LHC Analysis

by   Michael James Fenton, et al.

Reconstructing unstable heavy particles requires sophisticated techniques to sift through the large number of possible permutations for assignment of detector objects to partons. An approach based on a generalized attention mechanism, symmetry preserving attention networks (SPANet), has been previously applied to top quark pair decays at the Large Hadron Collider, which produce six hadronic jets. Here we extend the SPANet architecture to consider multiple input streams, such as leptons, as well as global event features, such as the missing transverse momentum. In addition, we provide regression and classification outputs to supplement the parton assignment. We explore the performance of the extended capability of SPANet in the context of semi-leptonic decays of top quark pairs as well as top quark pairs produced in association with a Higgs boson. We find significant improvements in the power of three representative studies: search for ttH, measurement of the top quark mass and a search for a heavy Z' decaying to top quark pairs. We present ablation studies to provide insight on what the network has learned in each case.


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