Extended level set method: a multiphase representation with perfect symmetric property, and its application to multi material topology optimization

by   Masaki Noda, et al.

This paper provides an extended level set (X-LS) based topology optimiza- tion method for multi material design. In the proposed method, each zero level set of a level set function ϕij represents the boundary between materials i and j. Each increase or decrease of ϕij corresponds to a material change between the two materials. This approach reduces the dependence of the initial configuration in the optimization calculation and simplifies the sensitivity analysis. First, the topology optimization problem is formulated in the X-LS representation. Next, the reaction-diffusion equation that updates the level set function is introduced, and an optimization algorithm that solves the equilibrium equations and the reaction-diffusion equation using the fi- nite element method is constructed. Finally, the validity and utility of the proposed topology optimization method are confirmed using two- and three- dimensional numerical examples.


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