Exploring Hidden Dimensions in Parallelizing Convolutional Neural Networks

02/14/2018 ∙ by Zhihao Jia, et al. ∙ 0

The past few years have witnessed growth in the size and computational requirements for training deep convolutional neural networks. Current approaches parallelize the training process onto multiple devices by applying a single parallelization strategy (e.g., data or model parallelism) to all layers in a network. Although easy to reason about, this design results in suboptimal runtime performance in large-scale distributed training, since different layers in a network may prefer different parallelization strategies. In this paper, we propose layer-wise parallelism that allows each layer in a network to use an individual parallelization strategy. We jointly optimize how each layer is parallelized by solving a graph search problem. Our experiments show that layer-wise parallelism outperforms current parallelization approaches by increasing training speed, reducing communication costs, achieving better scalability to multiple GPUs, while maintaining the same network accuracy.

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