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Exploiting Computation Replication for Mobile Edge Computing: A Fundamental Computation-Communication Tradeoff Study

by   Kuikui Li, et al.
Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Existing works on task offloading in mobile edge computing (MEC) networks often assume a task be executed once at a single edge node (EN). Downloading the computed result from the EN back to the mobile user may suffer long delay if the downlink channel experiences strong interference or deep fading. This paper exploits the idea of computation replication in MEC networks to speed up the downloading phase. Computation replication allows each user to offload its task to multiple ENs for repetitive execution so as to create multiple copies of the computed result at different ENs which can then enable transmission cooperation and hence reduce the communication latency for result downloading. Yet, computation replication may also increase the communication latency for task uploading, despite the obvious increase in computation load. The main contribution of this work is to characterize asymptotically an order-optimal upload-download communication latency pair for a given computation load in a multi-user multi-server MEC network. Analysis shows when the computation load increases within a certain range, the downloading time can decrease in an inversely proportional way if it is binary offloading or decrease linearly if it is partial offloading, both at the expense of increasing the uploading time linearly.


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