Explaining Network Intrusion Detection System Using Explainable AI Framework

03/12/2021 ∙ by Shraddha Mane, et al. ∙ 0

Cybersecurity is a domain where the data distribution is constantly changing with attackers exploring newer patterns to attack cyber infrastructure. Intrusion detection system is one of the important layers in cyber safety in today's world. Machine learning based network intrusion detection systems started showing effective results in recent years. With deep learning models, detection rates of network intrusion detection system are improved. More accurate the model, more the complexity and hence less the interpretability. Deep neural networks are complex and hard to interpret which makes difficult to use them in production as reasons behind their decisions are unknown. In this paper, we have used deep neural network for network intrusion detection and also proposed explainable AI framework to add transparency at every stage of machine learning pipeline. This is done by leveraging Explainable AI algorithms which focus on making ML models less of black boxes by providing explanations as to why a prediction is made. Explanations give us measurable factors as to what features influence the prediction of a cyberattack and to what degree. These explanations are generated from SHAP, LIME, Contrastive Explanations Method, ProtoDash and Boolean Decision Rules via Column Generation. We apply these approaches to NSL KDD dataset for intrusion detection system and demonstrate results.

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