Exact Sparse Orthogonal Dictionary Learning

03/14/2021
by   Kai Liu, et al.
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Over the past decade, learning a dictionary from input images for sparse modeling has been one of the topics which receive most research attention in image processing and compressed sensing. Most existing dictionary learning methods consider an over-complete dictionary, such as the K-SVD method, which may result in high mutual incoherence and therefore has a negative impact in recognition. On the other side, the sparse codes are usually optimized by adding the ℓ_0 or ℓ_1-norm penalty, but with no strict sparsity guarantee. In this paper, we propose an orthogonal dictionary learning model which can obtain strictly sparse codes and orthogonal dictionary with global sequence convergence guarantee. We find that our method can result in better denoising results than over-complete dictionary based learning methods, and has the additional advantage of high computation efficiency.

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