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Event Detection as Question Answering with Entity Information

by   Emanuela Boros, et al.

In this paper, we propose a recent and under-researched paradigm for the task of event detection (ED) by casting it as a question-answering (QA) problem with the possibility of multiple answers and the support of entities. The extraction of event triggers is, thus, transformed into the task of identifying answer spans from a context, while also focusing on the surrounding entities. The architecture is based on a pre-trained and fine-tuned language model, where the input context is augmented with entities marked at different levels, their positions, their types, and, finally, the argument roles. Experiments on the ACE 2005 corpus demonstrate that the proposed paradigm is a viable solution for the ED task and it significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art models. Moreover, we prove that our methods are also able to extract unseen event types.


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