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Eulerian time-stepping schemes for the non-stationary Stokes equations on time-dependent domains

by   Erik Burman, et al.

This article is concerned with the discretisation of the Stokes equations on time-dependent domains in an Eulerian coordinate framework. Our work can be seen as an extension of a recent paper by Lehrenfeld & Olshanskii [ESAIM: M2AN, 53(2):585-614, 2019], where BDF-type time-stepping schemes are studied for a parabolic equation on moving domains. For space discretisation, a geometrically unfitted finite element discretisation is applied in combination with Nitsche's method to impose boundary conditions. Physically undefined values of the solution at previous time-steps are extended implicitly by means of so-called ghost penalty stabilisations. We derive a complete a priori error analysis of the discretisation error in space and time, including optimal L^2(L^2)-norm error bounds for the velocities. Finally, the theoretical results are substantiated with numerical examples.


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