# Equivalence of Dataflow Graphs via Rewrite Rules Using a Graph-to-Sequence Neural Model

In this work we target the problem of provably computing the equivalence between two programs represented as dataflow graphs. To this end, we formalize the problem of equivalence between two programs as finding a set of semantics-preserving rewrite rules from one into the other, such that after the rewrite the two programs are structurally identical, and therefore trivially equivalent. We then develop the first graph-to-sequence neural network system for program equivalence, trained to produce such rewrite sequences from a carefully crafted automatic example generation algorithm. We extensively evaluate our system on a rich multi-type linear algebra expression language, using arbitrary combinations of 100+ graph-rewriting axioms of equivalence. Our system outputs via inference a correct rewrite sequence for 96 program pairs isolated for testing, using 30-term programs. And in all cases, the validity of the sequence produced and therefore the provable assertion of program equivalence is computable, in negligible time.

READ FULL TEXT