Epidemic change-point detection in general integer-valued time series

03/24/2021 ∙ by Mamadou Lamine Diop, et al. ∙ 0

In this paper, we consider the structural change in a class of discrete valued time series, which the true conditional distribution of the observations is assumed to be unknown. The conditional mean of the process depends on a parameter θ^* which may change over time. We provide sufficient conditions for the consistency and the asymptotic normality of the Poisson quasi-maximum likelihood estimator (QMLE) of the model. We consider an epidemic change-point detection and propose a test statistic based on the QMLE of the parameter. Under the null hypothesis of a constant parameter (no change), the test statistic converges to a distribution obtained from a difference of two Brownian bridge. The test statistic diverges to infinity under the epidemic alternative, which establishes that the proposed procedure is consistent in power. The effectiveness of the proposed procedure is illustrated by simulated and real data examples.

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