Enhancing Vulnerable Road User Safety: A Survey of Existing Practices and Consideration for Using Mobile Devices for V2X Connections

by   Nishanthi Dasanayaka, et al.

Vulnerable road users (VRUs) such as pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists are at the highest risk in the road traffic environment. Globally, over half of road traffic deaths are vulnerable road users. Although substantial efforts are being made to improve VRU safety from engineering solutions to law enforcement, the death toll of VRUs' continues to rise. The emerging technology, Cooperative Intelligent Transportation System (C-ITS), has the proven potential to enhance road safety by enabling wireless communication to exchange information among road users. Such exchanged information is utilized for creating situational awareness and detecting any potential collisions in advance to take necessary measures to avoid any possible road casualties. The current state-of-the-art solutions of C-ITS for VRU safety, however, are limited to unidirectional communication where VRUs are only responsible for alerting their presence to drivers with the intention of avoiding collisions. This one-way interaction is substantially limiting the enormous potential of C-ITS which otherwise can be employed to devise a more effective solution for the VRU safety where VRU can be equipped with bidirectional communication with full C-ITS functionalities. To address such problems and to explore better C-ITS solution suggestions for VRU, this paper reviewed and evaluated the current technologies and safety methods proposed for VRU safety over the period 2007-2020. Later, it presents the design considerations for a cellular-based Vehicle-to-VRU (V2VRU) communication system along with potential challenges of a cellular-based approach to provide necessary recommendations.



There are no comments yet.


page 2

page 3

page 5

page 9

page 11

page 12

page 13

page 14


Where is my Device? - Detecting the Smart Device's Wearing Location in the Context of Active Safety for Vulnerable Road Users

This article describes an approach to detect the wearing location of sma...

Towards Better Driver Safety: Empowering Personal Navigation Technologies with Road Safety Awareness

Recent research has found that navigation systems usually assume that al...

Demonstrations of Cooperative Perception: Safety and Robustness in Connected and Automated Vehicle Operations

Cooperative perception, or collective perception (CP) is an emerging and...

WatchOut: A Road Safety Extension for Pedestrians on a Public Windshield Display

We conducted a field study to investigate whether public windshield disp...

Fridges on the Highway: Road Traffic Poisoning of Navigation Apps

Navigation software apps have a huge impact on the daily commuting of pe...

A Novel Probabilistic V2X Data Fusion Framework for Cooperative Perception

The paper addresses the vehicle-to-X (V2X) data fusion for cooperative o...

Motorcycle System for Optimum Road Safety with Anti-theft Capability

Due to road traffic accidents, 6941 Filipinos died in 2010, and thousand...
This week in AI

Get the week's most popular data science and artificial intelligence research sent straight to your inbox every Saturday.