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Energy stable schemes for gradient flows based on the DVD method

by   Jizu Huang, et al.
Chinese Academy of Science

The existing discrete variational derivative method is only second-order accurate and fully implicit. In this paper, we propose a framework to construct an arbitrary high-order implicit (original) energy stable scheme and a second-order semi-implicit (modified) energy stable scheme. Combined with the Runge–Kutta process, we can build an arbitrary high-order and unconditionally (original) energy stable scheme based on the discrete variational derivative method. The new energy stable scheme is implicit and leads to a large sparse nonlinear algebraic system at each time step, which can be efficiently solved by using an inexact Newton type algorithm. To avoid solving nonlinear algebraic systems, we then present a relaxed discrete variational derivative method, which can construct second-order, linear, and unconditionally (modified) energy stable schemes. Several numerical simulations are performed to investigate the efficiency, stability, and accuracy of the newly proposed schemes.


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