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Energy Efficiency of Rate-Splitting Multiple Access, and Performance Benefits over SDMA and NOMA

by   Yijie Mao, et al.
The University of Hong Kong
Imperial College London

Rate-Splitting Multiple Access (RSMA) is a general and powerful multiple access framework for downlink multi-antenna systems, and contains Space-Division Multiple Access (SDMA) and Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) as special cases. RSMA relies on linearly precoded rate-splitting with Successive Interference Cancellation (SIC) to decode part of the interference and treat the remaining part of the interference as noise. Recently, RSMA has been shown to outperform both SDMA and NOMA rate-wise in a wide range of network loads (underloaded and overloaded regimes) and user deployments (with a diversity of channel directions, channel strengths and qualities of Channel State Information at the Transmitter). Moreover, RSMA was shown to provide spectral efficiency and QoS enhancements over NOMA at a lower computational complexity for the transmit scheduler and the receivers. In this paper, we build upon those results and investigate the energy efficiency of RSMA compared to SDMA and NOMA. Considering a multiple-input single-output broadcast channel, we show that RSMA is more energy-efficient than SDMA and NOMA in a wide range of user deployments (with a diversity of channel directions and channel strengths). We conclude that RSMA is more spectrally and energy-efficient than SDMA and NOMA.


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