Elastic wave propagation in curvilinear coordinates with mesh refinement interfaces by a fourth order finite difference method

by   Lu Zhang, et al.

We develop a fourth order accurate finite difference method for the three dimensional elastic wave equation in isotropic media with the piecewise smooth material property. In our model, the material property can be discontinuous at curved interfaces. The governing equations are discretized in second order form on curvilinear meshes by using a fourth order finite difference operator satisfying a summation-by-parts property. The method is energy stable and high order accurate. The highlight is that mesh sizes can be chosen according to the velocity structure of the material so that computational efficiency is improved. At the mesh refinement interfaces with hanging nodes, physical interface conditions are imposed by using ghost points and interpolation. With a fourth order predictor-corrector time integrator, the fully discrete scheme is energy conserving. Numerical experiments are presented to verify the fourth order convergence rate and the energy conserving property.



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