Efficient Non-linear Equalization for 1-bit Quantized Cyclic Prefix-Free Massive MIMO Systems

04/27/2018
by   Daniel Plabst, et al.
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This paper addresses the problem of data detection for a massive Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) base station which utilizes 1-bit Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADCs) for quantizing the uplink signal. The existing literature on quantized massive MIMO systems deals with Cyclic Prefix (CP) transmission over frequency-selective channels. In this paper, we propose a computationally efficient block processing equalizer based on the Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithm in CP-free transmission for 1-bit quantized systems. We investigate the optimal block length and overlapping factor in relation to the Channel Impulse Response (CIR) length based on the Bit Error-Rate (BER) performance metric. As EM is a non-linear algorithm, the optimal estimate is found iteratively depending on the initial starting point of the algorithm. Through numerical simulations we show that initializing the EM-algorithm with a Wiener-Filter (WF) estimate, which takes the underlying quantization into account, achieves superior BER-performance compared to initialization with other starting points.

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