Efficient Graph-based Tensile Strength Simulations of Random Fiber Structures

10/06/2020
by   Marc Harmening, et al.
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In this paper, we propose a model-simulation framework for virtual tensile strength tests of random fiber structures, as they appear in nonwoven materials. The focus is on the efficient handling with respect to the problem-inherent multi-scales and randomness. In particular, the interplay of the random microstructure and deterministic structural production-related features on the macro-scale makes classical homogenization-based approaches computationally complex and costly. In our approach we model the fiber structure to be graph-based and of truss-type, equipped with a nonlinear elastic material law. Describing the tensile strength test by a sequence of force equilibria with respect to varied boundary conditions, its embedding into a singularly perturbed dynamical system is advantageous with regard to statements about solution theory and convergence of numerical methods. A problem-tailored data reduction provides additional speed-up, Monte-Carlo simulations account for the randomness. This work serves as a proof of concept and opens the field to optimization.

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