Efficient equilibrium-based stress recovery for isogeometric laminated curved structures

10/26/2020
by   Alessia Patton, et al.
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This work focuses on an efficient stress recovery procedure for laminated composite curved structures, which relies on Isogeometric Analysis (IGA) and equilibrium. Using a single element through the thickness in combination with a calibrated layerwise integration rule or a homogenized approach, the 3D solid isogeometric modeling grants an inexpensive and accurate approximation in terms of displacements (and their derivatives) and in-plane stresses, while through-the-thickness stress components are poorly approximated. Applying a further post-processing step, an accurate out-of-plane stress state is also recovered, even from a coarse displacement solution. This is based on a direct integration of the equilibrium equations in strong form, involving high order derivatives of the displacement field. Such a continuity requirement is fully granted by IGA shape function properties. The post-processing step is locally applied, which grants that no additional coupled terms appear in the equilibrium, allowing for a direct reconstruction without the need to further iterate to resolve the out-of-balance momentum equation. Several numerical results show the good performance of this approach particularly for composite stacks with significant radius-to-thickness ratio and number of plies. In particular, in the latter case, where a layerwise technique employing a number of degrees of freedom directly proportional to the number of plies would be much more computationally demanding, the proposed method can be regarded as a very appealing alternative choice.

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