Effective FAQ Retrieval and Question Matching With Unsupervised Knowledge Injection

10/27/2020 ∙ by Wen-Ting Tseng, et al. ∙ 0

Frequently asked question (FAQ) retrieval, with the purpose of providing information on frequent questions or concerns, has far-reaching applications in many areas, where a collection of question-answer (Q-A) pairs compiled a priori can be employed to retrieve an appropriate answer in response to a user2̆019s query that is likely to reoccur frequently. To this end, predominant approaches to FAQ retrieval typically rank question-answer pairs by considering either the similarity between the query and a question (q-Q), the relevance between the query and the associated answer of a question (q-A), or combining the clues gathered from the q-Q similarity measure and the q-A relevance measure. In this paper, we extend this line of research by combining the clues gathered from the q-Q similarity measure and the q-A relevance measure and meanwhile injecting extra word interaction information, distilled from a generic (open domain) knowledge base, into a contextual language model for inferring the q-A relevance. Furthermore, we also explore to capitalize on domain-specific topically-relevant relations between words in an unsupervised manner, acting as a surrogate to the supervised domain-specific knowledge base information. As such, it enables the model to equip sentence representations with the knowledge about domain-specific and topically-relevant relations among words, thereby providing a better q-A relevance measure. We evaluate variants of our approach on a publicly-available Chinese FAQ dataset, and further apply and contextualize it to a large-scale question-matching task, which aims to search questions from a QA dataset that have a similar intent as an input query. Extensive experimental results on these two datasets confirm the promising performance of the proposed approach in relation to some state-of-the-art ones.

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