Early Detection for Optimal-Latency Communications in Multi-Hop Links

07/04/2019 ∙ by Diego Barragán Guerrero, et al. ∙ 0

Modern wireless machine-to-machine-type communications aim to provide both ultra reliability and low latency, stringent requirements that appear to be mutually exclusive. From the noisy channel coding theorem, we know that reliable communications mandate transmission rates that are lower than the channel capacity. To guarantee arbitrarily-low error probability, this implies the use of messages whose lengths tend to infinity. However, long messages are not suitable for low-latency communications. In this paper, we propose an early-detection scheme for wireless communications under a finite-blocklength regime that employs a sequential-test technique to reduce latency while maintaining reliability. We prove that our scheme leads to an average detection time smaller than the symbol duration. Furthermore, in multi-hop low-traffic or continuous-transmission links, we show that our scheme can reliably detect symbols before the end of their transmission, significantly reducing the latency, while keeping the error probability below a predefined threshold.

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