Dynamic imaging and characterization of volatile aerosols in e-cigarette emissions using deep learning-based holographic microscopy

03/31/2021 ∙ by Yi Luo, et al. ∙ 0

Various volatile aerosols have been associated with adverse health effects; however, characterization of these aerosols is challenging due to their dynamic nature. Here we present a method that directly measures the volatility of particulate matter (PM) using computational microscopy and deep learning. This method was applied to aerosols generated by electronic cigarettes (e-cigs), which vaporize a liquid mixture (e-liquid) that mainly consists of propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG), nicotine, and flavoring compounds. E-cig generated aerosols were recorded by a field-portable computational microscope, using an impaction-based air sampler. A lensless digital holographic microscope inside this mobile device continuously records the inline holograms of the collected particles. A deep learning-based algorithm is used to automatically reconstruct the microscopic images of e-cig generated particles from their holograms, and rapidly quantify their volatility. To evaluate the effects of e-liquid composition on aerosol dynamics, we measured the volatility of the particles generated by flavorless, nicotine-free e-liquids with various PG/VG volumetric ratios, revealing a negative correlation between the particles' volatility and the volumetric ratio of VG in the e-liquid. For a given PG/VG composition, the addition of nicotine dominated the evaporation dynamics of the e-cig aerosol and the aforementioned negative correlation was no longer observed. We also revealed that flavoring additives in e-liquids significantly decrease the volatility of e-cig aerosol. The presented holographic volatility measurement technique and the associated mobile device might provide new insights on the volatility of e-cig generated particles and can be applied to characterize various volatile PM.

READ FULL TEXT
POST COMMENT

Comments

There are no comments yet.

Authors

page 20

page 21

This week in AI

Get the week's most popular data science and artificial intelligence research sent straight to your inbox every Saturday.