Dyadic Reciprocity as a Function of Covariates

by   Jeremy Koster, et al.

Reciprocity in dyadic interactions is common and a topic of interest across disciplines. In some cases, reciprocity may be expected to be more or less prevalent among certain kinds of dyads. In response to interest among researchers in estimating dyadic reciprocity as a function of covariates, this paper proposes an extension to the multilevel Social Relations Model. The outcome variable is assumed to be a binomial proportion, as is commonly encountered in observational and archival research. The approach draws on principles of multilevel modeling to implement random intercepts and slopes that vary among dyads. The corresponding variance function permits the computation of a dyadic reciprocity correlation. The modeling approach can potentially be integrated with other statistical models in the field of social network analysis.


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