Domain-Aware Dynamic Networks

11/26/2019 ∙ by Tianyuan Zhang, et al. ∙ 1

Deep neural networks with more parameters and FLOPs have higher capacity and generalize better to diverse domains. But to be deployed on edge devices, the model's complexity has to be constrained due to limited compute resource. In this work, we propose a method to improve the model capacity without increasing inference-time complexity. Our method is based on an assumption of data locality: for an edge device, within a short period of time, the input data to the device are sampled from a single domain with relatively low diversity. Therefore, it is possible to utilize a specialized, low-complexity model to achieve good performance in that input domain. To leverage this, we propose Domain-aware Dynamic Network (DDN), which is a high-capacity dynamic network in which each layer contains multiple weights. During inference, based on the input domain, DDN dynamically combines those weights into one single weight that specializes in the given domain. This way, DDN can keep the inference-time complexity low but still maintain a high capacity. Experiments show that without increasing the parameters, FLOPs, and actual latency, DDN achieves up to 2.6% higher AP50 than a static network on the BDD100K object-detection benchmark.



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