Does Open Access Really Increase Impact? A Large-Scale Randomized Analysis

by   Abdelghani Maddi, et al.

The Open Access Citation Advantage (OACA) has been a major topic of discussion in the literature over the past twenty years. In this paper, we propose a method to constitute a control group to isolate the OACA effect. Thus, we compared citation impact (MNCS) of 2,458,378 publications in fully OA journals to that (weighted MNCS) of a control group of non-OA publications (#10,310,842). Similarly, we did the same exercise for OA publications in hybrid journals (#1,024,430) and their control group (#11,533,001), over the period 2010-2020. The results showed that there is no OACA for publications in fully OA journals, and that there is rather a disadvantage. Conversely, the OACA seems to be a reality in hybrid journals, suggesting that a better accessibility in this context tends to improve the visibility of publications. The lack of OACA for publications in fully OA journals is to be expected, as a great proportion of OA journals are newly created and less attractive to high-impact senior researchers.Another striking result of this paper is the fall of the OACA from 2016. The citation advantage fell from 70 2016 and 2020 (for publications in hybrid journals). We wonder if this fall is linked to the increase in the notoriety of pirate sites (eg Sci-Hub) from 2016. In other words, the democratization of pirate sites instantly cancels the positive effect of OA publication insofar as the question of access to scientific content no longer arises.


A multidimensional perspective on the citation impact of scientific publications

The citation impact of scientific publications is usually seen as a one-...

Visualization of Publication Impact

Measuring scholarly impact has been a topic of much interest in recent y...

Article Processing Charges, Altmetrics and Citation Impact: Is there an economic rationale?

The present study aims to analyze 1) the relationship between Citation N...

Open Access effect on uncitedness: A large-scale study controlling by discipline, source type and visibility

There are many factors that affect the probability of being uncited duri...

Understanding the Changing Roles of Scientific Publications via Citation Embeddings

Researchers may describe different aspects of past scientific publicatio...

The State of Open Access in Germany: An Analysis of the Publication Output of German Universities

Starting with the Berlin declaration in 2003, Open Access (OA) publishin...

The effect of the Indonesian higher education evaluation system on conference proceedings publications

Indonesia has exhibited a unique pattern of conference proceedings publi...

Please sign up or login with your details

Forgot password? Click here to reset