Divergence-preserving reconstructions on polygons and a really pressure-robust virtual element method for the Stokes problem

by   Derk Frerichs, et al.

Non divergence-free discretisations for the incompressible Stokes problem may suffer from a lack of pressure-robustness characterised by large discretisations errors due to irrotational forces in the momentum balance. This paper argues that also divergence-free virtual element methods (VEM) on polygonal meshes are not really pressure-robust as long as the right-hand side is not discretised in a careful manner. To be able to evaluate the right-hand side for the test functions, some explicit interpolation of the virtual test functions is needed that can be evaluated pointwise everywhere. The standard discretisation via an L^2-best approximation does not preserve the divergence and so destroys the orthogonality between divergence-free test functions and possibly eminent gradient forces in the right-hand side. To repair this orthogonality and restore pressure-robustness another divergence-preserving reconstruction is suggested based on Raviart-Thomas approximations on local subtriangulations of the polygons. All findings are proven theoretically and are demonstrated numerically in two dimensions. The construction is also interesting for hybrid high-order methods on polygonal or polyhedral meshes.



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